S O L D
Polychrome Carved Wood Figure St John Baptist
RIJNLAAND, 15TH CENTURY
High 100cm., overall
Polychrome Carved Wood Figure St John Baptist, Polychrome Carved Wood Figure of St John the Baptist; depicted standing with his right foot forward and holding a book surmounted by a lamb in his left hand; on an integrally carved naturalistic base; with the original polychrome.
* John the Baptist (Hebrew: יוחנן המטביל, Yoḥanan ha-mmaṭbil, Arabic: يوحنا المعمدان Yuhanna Al-Ma’madan, Aramaic:Ioḥanan, Classical Armenian: Յովհաննէս Մկրտիչ Yovhannēs Mkrtičʿ, Greek: Ὁ Ἅγιος/Τίμιος Ἐνδοξος καὶ Βαπτιστής Ἰωάννης Ho Hágios/Tímios Endoxos, Prophḗtēs, Pródromos, kaì Baptistḗs Ioánnes) was an itinerant preacher and a major religious figure in Christianity, Islam, the Bahá’í Faith, and Mandaeism.
John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins. Most scholars agree that John baptized Jesus. Scholars generally believe Jesus was a follower or disciple of John and several New Testament accounts report that some of Jesus’s early followers had previously been followers of John. John the Baptist is also mentioned by Jewish historian Josephus. Some scholars maintain that John was influenced by the semi-ascetic Essenes, who expected an apocalypse and practiced rituals corresponding strongly with baptism, although no direct evidence substantiates this.
According to the New Testament, John anticipated a messianic figure greater than himself, and Jesus was the one whose coming John foretold. Christians commonly refer to John as the precursor or forerunner of Jesus, since John announces Jesus’ coming. John is also identified with the prophet Elijah.
* From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_the_Baptist