LARGE LIMESTONE GROUP VIRGIN CHILD
Northeast of France, Argonne, first half fourteenth century
ca.1310 – 1320 A.D.
High 98 cm.
A CARVED LARGE LIMESTONE GROUP OF THE VIRGIN AND CHILD
LARGE LIMESTONE GROUP VIRGIN CHILD. Virgin and Child in limestone Savonnières-devant-Bar (Meuse)carved in the round. The Virgin depicted slender, she is standing, coated with amid-lengthveilthat framesher face, with a dressand acoat open. One of thesectionsis retained by theright forearm. She is holding Christ Child on herleft arm; Christ holding a bookinhis hands, showing the text from the index tohis Mother.
* A Madonna is a representation of Mary, either alone or with her child Jesus. These images are central icons for both theCatholic & Orthodox churches. The word is from Italian ma donna, meaning “my lady”. No image permeates Christian art as much as the image of the Madonna and child. While Mary may be referred to as “the Madonna” in other contexts, in art the term is applied specifically to an artwork in which Mary, with or without the infant Jesus, is the focus, and central figure of the picture. Mary and the infant Jesus may be surrounded by adoring angels or worshiping saints. Images that have a narrative content, including those of the many scenes which make up the Life of the Virgin, are not correctly referred to as “Madonnas” but are given a title that reflects the scene such as the Annunciation to Mary. The earliest images date from the Early Christian Church and are found in the Catacombs of Rome. Representation of Mary became more common after she was proclaimed “God-bearer” (Theotókos) at the Council of Ephesus in 431. For over a thousand years, through the Byzantine, Medieval and Early Renaissance periods the Madonna was the most often produced pictorial artwork. Many specific images of the Madonna, both painted and sculptured, have achieved fame, either as objects of religious veneration or for their intrinsic artistic qualities. Many of the most renowned painters and sculptors in the history of art have turned their skills toward the creation of Madonna images. These artists include Duccio, Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Raphael, Giovanni Bellini, Caravaggio, Rubens, Salvador Dalí and Henry Moore.
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